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高考英语听力场景相关词汇与句型
2022-08-10 02:45
本文摘要:高考英语听力场景相关词汇与句型1) 校园campus校园dorm(dormitory)宿舍student’s union学生会,student center学生运动中心,student ID学生证teaching building教学楼dinning hall餐厅accommodation食宿clinic诊所,医务室lab 、laboratory实验室gym(gymnasium)体育馆playground操场registration注册academic year学年term

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高考英语听力场景相关词汇与句型1) 校园campus校园dorm(dormitory)宿舍student’s union学生会,student center学生运动中心,student ID学生证teaching building教学楼dinning hall餐厅accommodation食宿clinic诊所,医务室lab 、laboratory实验室gym(gymnasium)体育馆playground操场registration注册academic year学年term/semester学期professor教授teaching assistant助教lecturer讲师freshman大一新生sophomore大二学生junior大三学生senior大四学生undergraduate本科生graduate/postgraduate研究生doctorate student博士生full-time student全日制学生course/lesson课程,required/compulsory course必修课optional/elective course选修课lecture讲座majors主修科目major in主修minors辅修科目minor in辅修credit hours学时credits 学分tuition 学费note条记absent from school缺课homework/assignment家庭作业research paper研究陈诉teaching practice教育实习term paper学期论文thesis/essay/dissertation 论文deadline停止日quiz/test 小考试exam考试entrance exam入学考试mid-term exam期中考试final exam期末考试grades年级/ 结果fail in the examination考试不及格scholarship奖学金quit school 休学 make-up exam 补考drop out 退学graduate 结业diploma文凭,结业证书bachelor’s degree学士学位master’s degree硕士学位doctor’s degree博士学位subject科目: Chinese, Mathematics, English, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Politics, History, Geography, Arts, Music, Physical Education (P E)2)图书馆reading room阅览室magazine杂志publication出书物periodical期刊journal 专业性刊物fiction/novel小说science fiction科幻小说latest issue新刊current issue现刊back issue过刊reference book参考书reference room资料室bibliography参考书目stacks书库book shelves书架open-shelf system开架look up查找library card借书证librarian 图书治理员loan desk借书处circulation desk 借还书处library catalogue 图书馆的图书目录due到期borrow; lend; keeprenew续借overdue超期pay the fine罚款Can I help you? / What can I do for you?3) 邮电局mail category 邮件种类surface mail;regular平信express letter/mail 快信/快件mail邮件airmail 航空信件surface mail 陆地邮寄registered letter挂号信Express Mail Service(EMS)邮政特快专递urgent letter急件telegram电报postcard明信片package/ parcel包裹parcel form 包裹单weight 重量overweight超重post / deliver a letter / mail 寄 /发信stamp邮票envelope 信封postage邮资extra postage 分外邮资money order邮政汇票remittance汇款remitter 汇款人money order 汇票make a phone call打电话area code区域代号local call市内电话collect call对方付费电话distance call/trunk call远程电话operator总台,接线员international airmail 国际航空邮件insurance 保险(费)declaration value 保价金额postal code;zip code邮政编码customs charge 验关费;报关费printed matter 印刷品sender 寄件人receiver 收件人receipt for mail 邮件收据to claim parcels 领包裹date and time of posting交寄日期时间4) 商店store 杂货店dresser’s 衣饰店department store百货公司shopping center 购物中心Gentleman’s Department男子用品部Lady’s Department妇女用品部Sportswear Department体育用品部elevator 电梯supermarket超市escalator电动扶梯trolley手推车counter 柜台Can I help you?/What can I do for you? 能为您效劳吗?daily necessities 日用品size尺寸; color颜色; style气势派头; price价钱What color/size/kind do you want?How much does it cost?ready-made 成衣marked price 标价price tag标价签expensive贵, cheap自制的selling season 脱销季节on sale 促销 discount 打折 六折at a 60 % discount半价half pricehigh/ low bargain自制货bargain讨价还价brand 品牌fabric 织物,织品texture(织物的)质地fashion式样,名目pattern 花纹、式样、图案popular / fashionable 盛行的in fashion 盛行,时尚out of fashion/ style 过时的out of stock 脱销/缺货in stock 有货shop assistant售货员check-out stand 付款柜台cashier收银员pay in cash 用现金支付pay in check 用支票支付credit card 信用卡receipt发票收据change找零return purchase 退货Clothes(衣物): suit, uniform, overcoat, coat, jacket夹克,护套, sweater毛衣,运动衫, shirt, blouse, T-shirt, skirt, dress, evening dress, trousers, pants, jeans牛仔裤, shorts, tie, socks, stockings, shoes, boots, hat, cap, 5) 餐馆go out for dinner / dinner out 出去用饭snack bar 小吃街;大排挡dining hall 宴客厅coffee shop 咖啡店restaurant饭馆cafeteria 自助餐厅canteen小卖部; 食堂、小饭馆; 餐具盒buffet 自助餐台reservation 预定waiter/waitress服务生menu菜单order点菜serve 上菜main course主菜dish菜tray 餐盘paper napkin 餐巾纸seasoning 调味well-done 全熟的rare 半熟的food食物:appetizer 开胃物,hamburger汉堡包, sandwich 三明治,bread面包, flour面粉,rice大米,doughnut 多纳圈, pie派, cake蛋糕, French fries 炸薯条, cheese奶酪,dessert甜品,水果(作为正餐的最后一道), meat:mutton羊肉, pork猪肉, toast beef烤牛肉, steak 牛排,lamb羔羊肉, chicken鸡肉, fish鱼肉, bacon 腌肉, vegetable:potato土豆, tomato西红柿, salad沙拉,drinks饮料:soup汤, milk牛奶, coke 适口可乐,beverage饮品,black-tea红茶, green-tea绿茶, black coffee清咖啡;white coffee牛奶咖啡,alcohol含有酒精酒;wine葡萄酒; liquor烈酒 Chinese spirits白酒, soft drinks软饮料,plain water 自来水(西餐中洗手用的)I’m full. 饱了bill帐单tip消费treat 请客 (This is my treat! 我请客!)go Dutch AA制 (Let’s go fifty fifty) change 零钱Keep the change! 不用找零钱了!May we have a table, please? 请给我们一张桌位好吗?We’ve jammed. 我们已经客满了。May I take your order now? 您现在点菜吗?威士忌 =Whisky白兰地=Brandy朗姆酒=Rum伏特加 = VodkaXO是=Extra Old6) 医院registration office挂号处registration fee挂号费wards病房waiting room 候诊室operation room手术室emergence department 急诊室ICU (= intensive care unit)特护病房inpatient department住院部dentist牙医doctor医生physician内科医生surgeon外科医生regular doctor 私人医生treatment 治疗手段feel one’s pulse切脉diagnosis诊断stethoscope 听诊器take a temperature量体温take one’s blood pressure 测血压give first-aid treatment 抢救prescription(药方)write out a prescription/prescribe开处方take medicine 吃药pills药丸 / tablets药片capsule胶囊dose剂量,服用量suffer from患…病come down with害病,得病heart attack 心脏病fever发烧have/catch a cold着凉伤风flu(influenza)流感cough 咳嗽get a temperature发烧sore throat喉咙痛stomachache胃痛backache 背疼splitting headache头痛欲裂toothache牙痛first-aid kit 抢救箱burns 烧伤indigestion消化不良dizzy眩晕的in poor condition/shape(身体状况)不适lose appetite没胃口vomit 吐逆strain 扭伤pneumonia 肺炎hepatitis 肝炎tonsillitis 扁桃体炎gauze 沙布ulcer 溃疡itch,itchy 痒TB (tuberculosis)肺结核inoculate 打预防针aspirin 阿司匹林What’s the matter with you?(你哪不舒服?)What’s up? (多用于男生之间) How is it going? How are you?回覆:I’m fine. / I feel good/terrific. / I couldn’t be better. / Nothing is very wrong with me. 好。I am not feeling good. / I feel terrible/horrible/awful. / I am not myself these days. 欠好。(注意听语气:身体好的时候,语调上扬,语气很是欢快; 身体欠好的时候,降调,语气很是郁闷。

)康健场景:health, gain weight, lost weight, keep fit, balanced diet,smoking,Aids,Sars⑥ doctor and patient(医生和病人)7) 银行open an account开户draw on one’s account开户account number账号passbook/folder银行存折deposit money存款withdraw/draw取款interest利息pay interest on ...interest rate利率exchange rate兑换率Foreign Exchange Certificate外汇兑换券 fixed deposit定期存款deposit account/fixed account定期存款current account活期存款款帐户savings account活期储蓄存款户头currency钱币foreign currency外币cash现金check支票credit card信用卡bank clerk银行职员overdraft 透支balance 结余finance 融通endorse 背书,签名8) 机场information booth 询问处restricted articles 禁带物品cabin door 机舱门transit passenger 过境游客gate 登机门connection 中转first class 一等舱difference in time 时差economy class 经济舱airsick 晕机single ticket 单程票buckle 扣住return ticket 回程票flight航班direct flight直达航班airline/airways航空公司ticket office售票处free of charge免费check in 管理登机手续fill in the form填表ticket agency机票署理商book a ticket订票baggage/luggage行李luggage check行李检查boarding card/pass登机卡boarding gate登机口stewardess空姐fasten the seatbelt系宁静带take off起飞land着陆departure time 脱离时间arrival time到达时间behind schedule 晚点passport护照visa签证go through the formalities管理手续duty free免税Welcome on board 接待登机drop sb. off顺便把某人送到某处bound for…飞往……偏向去的9) 火车站waiting-room候车室conductor售票员information desk问讯处platform 月台,站台sleeping car卧铺车厢one-way ticket 单程票round-trip/return ticket双程票tour/scenic spots 旅游景点10) 宾馆旅店场景reception服务台;receptionist 服务员;check in 入住;check out 结帐;front desk/reception desk前台;接待处lounge 门厅,休息室make a room reservation预定房间book a room订房suite套房,套间registration form 挂号表single room 单间;single room with a bath带浴室的单人房a double room双人间;room key房间钥匙;room number房号,room service客房送餐服务,ID card 身份证;Do you have a reservation Sir? 先生,您预订了吗?Have you got any vacant room? (= Is there any room available here?) 有空房间吗?All the room are occupied. 房间已满。Can I have a suite please? 有套路吗?How much do you charge for that? 如何收费?Smoking or no smoking? 吸烟或不吸烟?Meals included. 包罗饮食。Can I show you your room? 我可以带你去你的房间?pay in cash现金支付pay by check支票支付attendant侍者porter 门童tip消费Can I carry your luggage? 我可以帮你提行李吗?Where is the toilet/lavatory/restroom/ W.C.? 茅厕在那里?lift / elevator电梯11)电话场景:operator 接线员Extension six two two six, please. 请转6226。The line is bad/ busy / engaged. It kept a busy line. 电话占线。

long distance call 远程电话collect call 对方付费的电话put through 接通电话hold on / up Hold the line, please.Hello! This is …speaking. Who’s speaking? / Who is this?call/ telephone/ ring/ phone sb;give sb. a call/ ringI’ll call back later / again. I’ll ring him / her up again.I couldn’t get through.Sorry, I’m afraid you have the wrong number.take/leave a message稍/留信息,drop in on/at造访12) 剃头店Barber’s:haircut, hairstyle, hairdresser, shave, moustache, beard, spray, shampoo13) 集会Meeting:for (支持), against (阻挡), proposal, report, speech, suggest, disagree, agree, decide, point out, argue, chairman, conclusion。


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